Treatment of Colored Skin Spots in New York City
Genetics, medical conditions, aging and various environmental exposures, such as sun exposure, can discolor the skin. Patches of skin can appear lighter than one’s normal skin tone and patches can appear darker.
No matter the type of skin discoloration, our expert medical team at Rejuve Clinic knows how frustrating these conditions are to conceal with makeup and attempt to treat them with topical creams. Skin discolorations can be severe enough to the point of interfering with one’s social life and psychological wellbeing.
What Causes Skin Discoloration?
Skin that is lighter than the normal skin tone is called hypo-pigmented skin, and skin that is darker than the normal skin tone is called hyper-pigmented skin. Both Hypopigmentation and pigmentation have to do with melanin.Melanin is a good absorber of sunlight which darkens existing skin pigmentation. UV radiation also stimulates melanogenesis — the production of melamin. The best preventive measure against hyperpigmentation is wearing a broad-spectrum sunscreen and avoiding overexposure to the sun.
Hypo-pigmented skin patches occur when there is not enough melanin being produced. Causes of hypopigmentation include cosmetic bleaching, injuries and subsequent inflammatory processes and genetic factors. Fungal infections, such as Tinea versicolor, can lead to hypo-pigmented circular patches on the skin. Tineaversicolor is a type of yeast that naturally lives on the skin and secretes an acidic bleach, which lightens the skin. This annoying fungal infection is usually more common in teens, young adults, and in people who sweat a lot. Hot and humid weather is a risk factor as well. Treatment ranges from topical creams and shampoos to prescribed medication.
Vitiligo is an autoimmune disease that causes melanocytes to die or stop functioning, thereby hindering the production of melanin and resulting in hypo-pigmented skin patches. The causes for Vitiligo are not entirely clear, but genetics; stress; lifestyle factors; extreme sun exposure and exposure to industrial chemicals are speculated.
Another disease that may lead to hypo-pigmented skin is Pityriasis Alba. Pityriasis Alba often appears in kids and is considered a type of skin eczema, or atopic dermatitis. Sun exposure and hot baths seem to make it worse. Not to fear, however, because in most cases, the hypo-pigmented skin patches of Pityriasis Alba spontaneously go away over time, and this temporary condition seems confined to childhood.
Hormone levels affect melanin production as well. Any natural fluctuation in hormone levels, such as pregnancy, can lead to a specific kind of hyperpigmentation called Melasma. Melasma spots are dark, well-defined brown areas that appear on the cheeks, nose and forehead of women. Often called the “mask of pregnancy”, melanin production is affected by levels of hormone called Adrenocorticotropic Hormone, ACTH. When ACTH is increased, disease like Cushings can occur on the skin.
Some persons use skin-lightening creams which contain hydroquinone, a topical bleach, to lighten existing spots and slow melanin production. A prescription for Hydroquinone can be obtained and many over-the-counter creams work as well. However, they are nowhere near as effective as treatments provided by a licensed, board-certified physician. Anyone prone to allergies should discuss the use of topical bleach creams with their physician before use.
Rejuve Clinic’s Highlighted Treatments for Skin Discolorations:
IPL Therapy or Photofacial
Photorejuvenation, or Intense Pulsed Light, is an effective and noninvasive way to have clearer skin and reduce acne and acne scars. Sun spots, age spots, freckles and broken capillaries may also be successfully treated with the IPL device which emits a range of light waves that target hemoglobin and melanin, the pigment in spots, freckles and blackheads.
This treatment may be very effective in improving the face’s appearance. Your skin is coated with Levulan, a solution that makes the target cells more susceptible to light. The results are clearer, smoother and younger-looking skin.
A highly popular and noninvasive treatment, microscopic beams are applied to the skin and penetrate deep to stimulate the body’s natural collagen-boosting production and creates healthier and younger-looking skin.
A mild, low-energy, laser treatment that helps reduce freckles, fine lines and more. One of Rejuve Clinic’s more popular treatment options, Clear and Brilliant has a brief recovery time and excellent restorative nature. This procedure can easily be performed on a lunch break allowing the client to go immediately back to work. Clear and Brilliant is an excellent choice as an anti-wrinkle preventive measure as well.
Recently rated the best, long-term skin rejuvenation tool, Fractional CO2 skin resurfacing provides the most results in one treatment. While this treatment is more intense and requires more healing time, it results in significant, long-term and noticeable improvement.
A chemical peel can be a great first step in treating skin discolorations. The treatment involves gently applying an antioxidant-rich chemical solution to remove damaged layers of skin. Rejueve Clinic offers superficial to deep penetration options and tailors the treatment to your desires. Results are less blotchiness, reduced pigmentation and younger-looking skin.
Healthy Age Management
We all age, but some age better than others. The professionals at Jejuve Clinic want to help clients live the healthiest life possible and age gracefully while maintaining a healthy skin maintenance plan. We offer consultations on healthy lifestyle tips, sun protection, best sunscreens and vitamin recommendations.